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Doctors are professionals who practice medicine and whose aim is to care for the health of the people they look after, alleviating or eliminating their suffering. To achieve this, they work, on one hand, in the prevention and promotion of health in the social environment and, on the other, in the care and rehabilitation of the sick person, trying to maintain and recover his/her health through the study, diagnosis and treatment of the patient's illness or injury.

These professionals mainly work in the public health network (primary care centres, hospitals, etc.) and in private medical centres. But they can also work in centres dedicated to research and scientific investigation, integrated into numerous public and private health instructions and in all those tasks related to the defence and promotion of health.

These professionals are known as doctors, even if they have not completed doctoral studies. However, depending on their specialty, they may receive other names that refer to their area of expertise: psychiatrist, surgeon, anaesthetist, cardiologist, paediatrician, gynaecologist, etc.


Assistance and care for people
  • Attend to people and carry out primary care consultations.
  • Interview the person and draw up individual and family medical records.
  • Perform a physical examination of the person according to the discomforts expressed. Different instruments and equipment can be used for this examination.
  • Recognise specific signs and symptoms of particular conditions or diseases, outlining the diagnosis.
  • If necessary, request complementary examinations and tests to confirm the diagnosis.
  • Decide on treatment, prescribe medication, or refer to procedures appropriate for each person.
  • Coordinate patient referral to other medical specialities or transfer and admissions in specialised services, if necessary.
  • Inform the person and family members clearly and tactfully of the nature of the illness and prognosis, considering the treatment and possible complications that may arise.
  • Record the details of the visit, the guidelines prescribed and prepare medical reports when required.
  • Supervise the progress of the person and the functioning of the treatment in cases that require periodic follow-up or monitoring, especially in chronic or terminal processes.

Health promotion
  • In coordination with other professionals, develop preventive medicine programmes, aimed at early diagnosis or the implementation of preventive measures (e.g., by collaborating in vaccination campaigns).
  • Contribute to the health education of the population in order to promote healthy habits and disease prevention techniques.

Research and training
  • Actively participate in medical students' research and teaching programmes.
  • Follow a programme of continuous training.

Know and apply the Code of Medical Ethics
which contains the legislative, regulatory and administrative provisions governing good practice in the field.

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Centre per al desenvolupament professional Porta22

Barcelona Treball (Porta22)
Llacuna, 156-162, 08018 Barcelona

Monday to Friday from 9 to 18 h

Generalitat de Catalunya
Unió Europea FEDER
Unió Europea FSE