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The work of security guards is governed by the regulations on private security (Law 23/1992, dated 30 July, on Private Security, and the associated regulations). Security guards are responsible for the surveillance and protection of movable and non movable assets within the buildings or private properties in which they the work. They can only provide services outside buildings in certain scenarios (as set out by the private security regulations). One of the features of this occupation is that professionals can only perform the duties set out by these regulations and are not allowed to perform any other tasks than those of a security guard at the same time. Confidentiality is not required in this occupation.


The tasks performed by security guards are set forth in Law 23/1992, of 30 July, on Private Security, and the associated regulations. Among other tasks, they notably:
  • Monitor and protect movable and non-movable property, as well as the people who may be inside it. As part of the role, they perform all of the necessary checks and preventive actions, such as patrols and checking locks and windows, etc.
  • Monitor the entrances to properties. Check the identity of people entering or already inside the property. They cannot keep these people's personal documents, but they can, on the other hand, refuse their entry.
  • Prevent criminal acts or offences being committed in relation to the object they are protecting and immediately hand over the offenders, as well as any tools, personal goods and evidence of their offences to the members of the police and security forces, not having the right to interrogate them themselves.
  • Protect, help store, count, classify and transport money, securities and valuables.
  • Inspect the security and communication systems, ensuring they are in proper working order. When they are in charge of this service, at the beginning of the job ensure that all of the security systems are in good condition and work properly.
  • Provide personal alarm verification services. In connection with the operation of alarm centres, when an alarm goes off a guard is sent to verify the situation, travelling to the place and inspecting the premises or building in order to provide the police or security forces with information about possible offences committed.
  • Collaborate with and assist the police and security forces. Private security regulations stipulate the subordination of private security companies to public safety. As such, it is the duty of security guards to collaborate with, assist and communicate any relevant information or circumstances to public security forces in order to protect, maintain or restore public security.
  • If the company possesses canine units, use trained dogs in order to perform the tasks assigned. In this case, they must have expertise in dealing with and handling dogs.

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Centre per al desenvolupament professional Porta22

Barcelona Treball (Porta22)
Llacuna, 156-162, 08018 Barcelona

Monday to Friday from 9 to 18 h

Generalitat de Catalunya
Unió Europea FEDER
Unió Europea FSE